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Cat Stroke - Symptoms & Treatments

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Janet Johns
Cat Stroke - Symptoms & Treatments

What is Cat Stroke?

Cat stroke can be the result of two things; either blood supply being cut off to the brain or blood leaking from the brain. If materials elsewhere in the body have stopped working properly, then blood will not be pushed through the veins and arteries as it should be, while blood clots can also cause issues in the system, too. But what causes these things to happen? Well, among the main reasons for a cat having a stroke can be serious injury or trauma, and this can occur as a rather delayed response to an incident; your cat will bleed from the head area in this case. Both genders can be affected equally by cat stroke, and you should always know that cat stroke is a medical emergency. Cat stroke recovery is obtainable, but only if you consult a vet straight away. Cat stroke is, in effect, not really different to a human stroke. Brains of mammals need regular blood flow to the brain to operate at full capacity; if it doesn’t get it, strokes and other dangerous issues can happen. It was a long-held belief that cats didn’t in fact suffer from strokes, but a lack of blood supply in felines is called Feline Ischemic Encephalopathy, which was only discovered with the modern advancement of medical science.

Symptoms in Cat Stroke

There are a number of crucial differences between cat stroke and strokes in humans. The most worrying thing is that symptoms can rapidly manifest themselves and hold steady for 24 hours. Here is a list of things to  look out for, and while it is worth remembering that these symptoms don’t guarantee cat stroke individually, if you spot them you must act quickly.

  • Loss of balance
  • Unbalanced gait
  • Circling
  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Head tilting
  • Aggression
  • Fearfulness
  • Behavioural changes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting

Mentioned above, there are a number of different causes of cat stroke. Hot weather, for example, means strokes occur more often in summer, while underlying diseases can impact cats suffering from a stroke. Here are a few different causes.

  • Trauma to the head
  • Trauma to the body that dislodges cartilage
  • Genetic defects
  • Heart disease
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney failure
  • Diabetes
  • Parasitic infection
  • Ingestion of toxins
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperadrenocorticism

Diagnosis of Cat stroke

The key thing to do in any situation that involve a cat stroke or signs of a cat having a stroke in the near future, you just take them to a vet as quickly as you can. If your vet doesn’t have it already, supply them with your cat’s full medical history, which could help identify what has caused the cat stroke, for example any underlying issues, illnesses or diseases. Your vet will perform an instant examination after a physical trauma or fall of some sort that should help stabilise your cat.  CT and MRI scans are also helpful for full diagnosis, as are blood tests and Urinalysis, which can identify kidney issues. If parasitic infection is suspected, a fecal sample is needed. These are the best ways of helping aid cat stroke recovery, and are your

Treatment of Cat Stroke

Once your cat has received an accurate diagnosis, it is easier to get better treatment to aid cat stroke recovery. Your cat may need to kept in the vets for observational purposes in order to reduce the risk of relapse. The chances of a stroke are much greater if your cat has shown signs of having one or is in the process of recovering. Once you have got your cat home, keep an eye on it as the hours following a stroke are crucial. The aim is to make your cat as comfortable as possible.

Recovery from Cat Stroke

If dealt with quickly and efficiently, Cat Stroke can be recovered from fully. But for this to truly be the case, you must get the root cause of the cat stroke. The recovery process can also be aided by vigorous physiotherapy to strengthen the core of what was impacted by the cat stroke. But you may want to take out cat insurance if you haven’t already.