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    Persian Cat - Facts, History & Health Problems

    White Persion Cat

    Persian felines are one of the most beloved breeds out there. Many people seek out this breed due to their beautiful and adorable looks that are accompanied by a sweet and manageable temperament. If you’re interested in adopting this breed or want to learn more about your existing one, then keep reading. You’ll learn everything from the history of this great feline to its common health issues.

    Quick Facts about Persian Cats 

    These felines are one of the most desirable breeds out there. The Persian cat temperament tends to be sweet. Other Persian cat characteristics, like their good looks, make them desirable house pets. When it comes to purebred felines, you’ll find this breed on the top of many people’s lists.

    Here are some quick facts to know about the Persian cat breed:

    • Persian cat life expectancy can range from 10 to 17 years 
    • While you can find a white Persian cat or a black Persian cat, their coats also come in tabby, calico, gold, and smoke
    • An adult Persian cat may reach a length of 18 inches long
    • They’re characterized by a round face and a short nose/mouth


    Despite the immense popularity and fame of this breed, there’s not too much known about their history. Felines have been around since ancient times, but it seems this feline made its first appearance around the 1600s. 

    As the name suggests, it’s believed that Persian cat origin is rooted in Persia, what’s now modern-day Turkey and Iran. The breed was most likely moved toward western countries as the crusades swept across Europe.

    However, this breed didn’t make its appearance in the United States until around the end of the 19th century. Since then, the Persian cat has enjoyed its reign as one of the most desired and beloved long-hair cat breeds

    Common Health Problems  

    As with any pet, it’s important to understand the common cat health issues to help provide proper Persian cat care and ensure a long, healthy life. That said, the shape of this feline’s face can make them prone to certain problems. These health issues might include: 

    • Certain conditions and issues relating to the eyes like folding inward eyelids and progressive retinal atrophy 
    • Due to the shape of their nose, this breed is more susceptible to breathing issues and respiratory problems 
    • An abundance of eye-watering
    • Heart disease like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 
    • Problems with the liver which could also cause bladder stones and in some cases anemia

    Cat health insurance helps ensure you can always provide proper care for your feline friend. Pet insurance can help with everything from regular visits to unforeseen expenses like surgery. 

    Are Persian cats hypoallergenic? They aren’t, and technically, no feline is. However, this breed’s long coat may be an issue for people with allergies.

    Persian Cat Care 

    Its care isn’t too different from any other feline. When it comes to diet and nutrition, this breed might be a little pickier than others. Try experimenting with different types of foods until you find something they love. Once they like something, you shouldn’t have a problem moving forward with getting them to eat.  

    If not given proper nutrition and exercise, these feline friends can quickly become overweight. Their food should have a healthy mixture of protein and fiber. This food can come in raw, dry, or wet form. 

    These felines have long coats and may require weekly grooming. Be sure that it has plenty of space to exercise, play, and even climb. It’ll benefit from a space to call its own as well. As always, be sure it has access to fresh food and water and a clean litter box.

    Personality of Persian Cats

    The personality traits of this specific feline are known to be overwhelmingly positive. They include: 

    • Very affectionate
    • Friendly with children 
    • Smart
    • Low energy
    • Not too vocal
    • Gets along with other household pets 
    • Low need for exercise 
    • Loves affection
    • Fairly playful 
    • Likely to be friendly with visitors in your home


    • Very loving and can bond with family, especially if you buy a Persian kitten
    • Striking and beautiful appearance
    • Mostly just needs a warm lap and a safe place to make it content and happy


    • Consistent grooming. Requires baths and hair brushing to keep its long coat under control
    • Not the most trainable pet. May take it a while to learn new things
    • The Persian cat price may be too much for some
    • Predisposition to certain diseases, specifically ones relating to the eyes and nose