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    Siamese Cat – Facts, History, and Health Problems

    Quick Facts about Siamese Cats

    One of the most famous cat breeds in the world, the Siamese cat is known for its distinctive appearance and its long line of pedigree. The breed is one of the very first to receive a pedigree from the Cat Fancier’s Association in 1906 and is popular among pet owners for its friendly personality, its independent nature, and its lustrous coat.

    More Quick Facts:

    • Siamese cats’ fur will change over their life as their internal body temperature gradually drops, so their distinctive markings won’t develop until a few weeks or even months after birth
    • Although their exact origin date is a matter of speculation, Siamese cats are one of the oldest known cat breeds, tracing back to the 14th century
    • Siamese cats are one of the most talkative breeds, communicating about almost everything
    • The breed is known particularly for its tendency to gain weight, so their nutrition must be carefully monitored

    Breed Overview

    WEIGHT:6 to 14 pounds
    LENGTH:Up to 14 inches
    COAT COLOR:Seal, blue, lilac andchocolate
    EYE COLOR: Blue
    LIFE EXPECTANCY: 8 to 12 years


    Siamese cats are one of the oldest known breeds, and they have long been connected to royalty and wealth. The breed was originally found exclusively in the kingdom of Siam (modern-day Thailand) and remained exclusive to the area until the 19th century, when the King presented two pairs to the English Consul-General in Bangkok. Once they spread beyond Siam, the breed started to evolve into the more modern look we see today. The first Siamese to win a competition did so in 1898, and the line has become a staple of shows ever since. 

    Common Health Problems

    When considering cat health insurance for your Siamese cat, it’s worth noting that despite their beauty and positive traits, they do require more attentive care. The breed is known particularly for its propensity to have eye problems, which can extend from being born cross-eyed to having less acute vision than other cats. This may not be a serious issue throughout cats’ lives, but they also have some tendency to develop glaucoma later in life. Some other common health issues can include: 

    • Siamese cats are known to be at risk of liver problems stemming from amyloidosis, an abnormal protein that builds up in their body’s organs. 
    • Renal amyloidosis is also a serious issue, which can deposit this harmful protein in cats’ kidneys and affect their normal functioning
    • Siamese cats are also prone to higher risk of gastrointestinal problems that can impact their quality of life, as well as some lung infections. 

    Siamese Cat Care 

    One of the big benefits of Siamese cats’ short fur is that they require only the standard care. You should still brush them once weekly to reduce the risk of hairballs and overall shedding, as well as to show your cat affection. Their claws do require some care, and you should trim them every 10 to 14 days to avoid them getting too long. Additionally, you should provide them with scratchable surfaces to give them an outlet to do this themselves. Crucially, having a scratching post or a cat tree can keep your Siamese cat entertained while you’re away, and reduce their potential destructiveness. 

    Another important thing to keep in mind is that Siamese cats are incredibly playful and active, which makes them excellent pets but also means you must be an active owner. You should give them copious outlets to explore, engage with their environment, and get their energy out consistently. This can include providing them with interactive toys, climbing trees, and puzzle toys to chase, and also engaging in one-on-one training with them. Importantly, although they are easy to train and friendly, you should always teach children in the house to treat Siamese cats with care to avoid provoking a defensive response. 

    Pros & Cons of Siamese cats

    • They quickly form a strong and long-lasting bond with owners 
    • They are very talkative, and can be quite loud
    • They get along well with other pets and love company
    • They require constant attention to avoid boredom and destructive behaviors
    • They are easy to train and love engaging with you 
    • They easily get depressed if left alone too long

    Personality of Siamese Cats

    Despite their regal history and their portrayals in movies (such as Disney’s Lady and the Tramp), Siamese cats are known as one of the friendliest and most playful breeds of cat. They are active and friendly, and love to make friends. Here are some other characteristics of the Siamese cat breed: 

    • They are highly intelligent 
    • They love to engage in play with their owners 
    • They are highly social and loyal to their owners
    • They are one of the most talkative cat breeds 
    • They can get depressed if left alone too long
    • They love to explore and discover 
    • They get along well with other pets
    • They are child-friendly
    • They are very affectionate
    • They have high energy
    • They can be destructive
    • They are great climbers
    • They are easy to train
    • They love engaging in puzzles
    • They don’t love water