French Bulldog - Facts, History, & Health Problems
The French bulldog is a highly loved breed by most families, single people, and other pet owners. They’re notoriously comical, affectionate, and love to snuggle. While their glum expression might say otherwise, they’re a friendly breed that gets along well with other animals and children.
However, these flat-nosed pups are open to health issues such as Brachycephalic syndrome and hip dysplasia. Read on to learn more about the French bulldog breed, its care, and temperament.
Quick Facts About French Bulldogs
The French bulldog has many characteristics that make it a unique and fun breed to be around. Check out some of these quick facts to learn more:
- Appearance: The Frenchie dog’s most distinctive features are its sharp bat-like ears, half-flat skull, and heavy skin folds
- Snoring: Because of their short face, this breed frequently wheezes, snores, and grunts, which can be endearing for some, but annoying for others
- Stubbornness: This breed is very manipulative and stubborn. Therefore, these dogs need constant training and gentle discipline
- Size: In terms of size, the French bully can grow up to 13 inches and weigh 19 to 28 pounds. The life expectancy is generally 10-12 years
During the 1800s, England favored small dogs lovingly referred to as ‘’toy bulldogs’, that originated from the English bulldog. They were a favorite amongst women and eventually were bred-down and brought to France, where the title of “French bulldog” was established.
However, the history of the French bulldog is quite controversial since the breeders from France developed the miniature bulldogs into a distinctly “French” type. Meanwhile, American breeders created the distinctive “bat ears” that we know and love today.
This breed has been registered with the American Kennel Club since 1898. Over time it has become increasingly popular amongst all classes, especially in Australia, the US, and the UK.
Common Health Problems
Due to their unique body build and short airways, common French bulldog health problems include:
- Hip Dysplasia: Canine hip dysplasia is an orthopedic condition that’s very common in dogs. It manifests as an abnormal development in one or both of the hip joints and ranges from mild to severe
- Skin Allergies: Various factors cause skin issues such as improper diet, fleas, and allergies. It usually affects the dog’s ears, skin, and even feet. If left untreated, it can develop into more severe conditions, such as scabies and other infections
- Brachycephalic Syndrome: As already mentioned, Frenchies often snore or have difficulty breathing for their flat-nose or squished snout appearance. This trait causes several airway conditions such as Brachycephalic syndrome, which requires early treatment
Because of these potential illnesses and other factors, we highly recommend insurance for dogs, given it covers most of the conditions listed above. Additionally, it ordinarily includes dental care for dogs as well.
Food & Nutrition
The amount of food your Frenchie needs mostly depends on its size, age, and activity level. Since these dogs are highly prone to obesity, their food intake requires close monitoring.
The general rule of thumb is around 3/4 cup of good-quality dry food per meal, twice daily. If you give your dog treats, please do so moderately while avoiding anything high in fat or salt.
French Bulldog Care
The French bulldog’s coat doesn’t need regular brushing, but make sure to go over it with a soft-bristled brush or a grooming mitt at least once a week, especially during the Spring and Fall seasons.
To avoid any skin issues, cleaning the ears and its deep skin folds are very important. The best method involves using a damp cloth to gently wash all around their faces and then dry thoroughly after. If you notice the bulldog has frequent skin irritations, try giving it regular baths, and see if that helps ease the issue.
Dental care for dogs is also critical. To avoid cavities and other oral issues, try to brush your pet’s teeth at least twice a week. This routine will help to keep their teeth clean and avoid any future infections.
Be aware that this breed doesn’t enjoy being alone for too long, so avoid long trips unless someone can check in on the dog. If there are other pets at home that the dog gets along with, it may ease separation anxiety.
Regular exercise for Frenchies is vital, but be careful not to overdo it. Because of their restricted airways, this breed may overheat during strenuous activity.
Overall, French bulldogs are intelligent and willing to learn. However, they’re also notoriously stubborn and very food motivated. Proper training is essential, including frequent socialization. These efforts will ensure they get along with other animals and minimize any aggressive tendencies towards other dogs.
Personality of French Bulldogs
This breed makes for splendid companions because of their relaxed nature and friendly disposition. They’re gentle with other pets and strangers and quite fearless.
Here are some key personality traits:
- Highly adaptable - This breed is suitable for smaller apartments or spacious houses
- Affectionate - They crave affection and will often sit on your lap
- Friendly towards strangers - Normally, French bulldogs are very polite with strangers
- Playful - Frenchies love to play, especially when fetching toys
- Infrequent barker - These dogs are generally quiet and won’t bark unless necessary, similar to the Cane Corso
- Relaxed - This breed is a total couch potato and doesn’t particularly enjoy exercising
Food-motivated - They’ll do anything for a tasty treat, and it’s a great motivator during training
- Stubborn - A French bulldog’s temperament is very stubborn