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    Pomeranian (Pom) Facts, History & Health Problems

    two dogs a Pomeranian sitting on a chair by the fireplace

    Originally from the central European province of Pomerania, which currently incorporates North Poland and East Germany, Pomeranians are watchdogs and make excellent family pets and animals for the elderly. 

    Quick Facts About Pomeranian Dogs

    Pomeranian dogs are one of the cutest breeds on the face of the earth. These dogs are fun, energetic, and like to stay indoors. Usually, they are between 7 to 12 inches tall and a fully grown Pomeranian can weigh between 3 and 7 pounds. 

    One of the highlights of the breeds is the highly plumbed tail. The fluffy curl of fur around their chest and neck is another distinctive attribute of a Pomeranian. They can shed quite a bit, but their coat is relatively easy to maintain with regular brushing and occasional bathing. 

    Here are some other facts about these cute dogs:

    • These dogs originate from the Arctic region's highly trainable breed known as Wolfspitz 
    • They are well-behaved and highly alert dogs but can be prone to excessive barking
    • They are among the most famous breeds in America
    • They make wonderful therapy and hearing assistance dogs


    Originally a Scandinavian Spitz breed, Pom dogs, as they are sometimes referred to, are one of the most common breeds in the US and many other countries. The American Kennel Club reports that the Pomeranian is now ranked 20th in terms of popularity in the United States.

    The Pomeranian dog breed takes its name from a region known as Pomerania along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. It is likely that they descended from sled dogs from Iceland and Lapland. In the early years, the dogs weighed as much as 30 to 40 pounds. They were used not only for sledding but also for herding sheep. 

    The evolution of the breed was influenced by two members of the British Royal Family. In 1767, Queen Charlotte, consort of King George III of England, brought two Pomeranians to Britain. Pomeranian history in the US dates back to the first specialty show that was held in 1911, although the AKC recognized them in 1888. By 1916, the smallest of these dogs had started showing up in American show rings. 

    Common Health Problems

    Although on balance they are a relatively healthy breed, Pomeranians are still susceptible to certain ailments. Accordingly, owners must be mindful of certain health issues. One of the most common issues is Alopecia X which results in hair loss. Other common health issues in dogs include:

    • Canine influenza and obesity that can further lead to diabetes and joint problems
    • Hypothyroidism, elevated liver enzymes, skin irritation, and diarrhea
    • Collapsed trachea is another common problem with toy breeds 
    • Cataracts, tear duct problems, retinal atrophy, and conjunctivitis are some other problems that can affect a Pom

    Before bringing a Pomeranian into your home, be sure to explore insurance plans for dogs that can help cover the cost of treatment for health issues that may unfold.

    Best Pomeranian Insurance

    • No caps on payouts
    • 99% of claims processed 2 days
    • Use any licensed vet
    • $3,000 emergency fund
    • 24/7 access to a vet
    • No age, breed exclusions
    • No medical history exclusion
    • Wellness visits included
    • Covers most pets
    • No age restrictions
    • Zero deductibles

    Food & Nutrition

    When it comes to feeding Pomeranians, puppies typically need four, five, or more meals during the day, especially if they are very young. Multiple small portions can help you avoid hypoglycemia in your Pom dog. Regularizing meal breaks is also essential to prevent low blood sugar. 

    When your dog turns one year old, it is important to change its meal regiment. If you fail to decrease the frequency of feeding, it will contribute to obesity in the long run. Phosphorus and calcium work well together to support your dog's cardiovascular system stability and development. If there is insufficient or excess mineral content in the food, it may cause bone-related complications. 

    For more information, learn more about how feeding contributes to a dog's life span.

    Pom Dog Care  

    Pomeranians may be tiny, but they are highly energetic and need regular exercise including short walks and ample options to play indoors. These toy dogs can be very sensitive to heat, so limit the time outside when the temperature rises and look for signs of heatstroke. While they have a thick coat, they can easily get cold, making it wise to avoid the outdoors during cooler weather. 

    Regular brushing can help limit shedding and keep puffy hair in good condition. You should also regularly bathe your dog with gentle dog shampoo and keep their nails clipped. Be sure to brush your dog's teeth regularly and take them to your veterinarian for professional cleaning and testing at least once a year. Moreover, do not forget to clean the ears of your dog regularly to ensure they do not get clogged and create other more dangerous complications.

    One activity that both you and your Pom will enjoy is trick training. Poms enjoy learning and being the center of attention, so teaching them tricks is a great way to connect while supplying them with exercise and mental stimulation. They have got a limited period of focus, so keep training sessions brief and enjoyable. Reward your Pom with praise whenever they perform a trick correctly or do something else you like. 

    Interested in bringing a Pomeranian into your home? Read our guide on where to get a new dog.


    Some of the notable attributes of Pomeranians include playfulness, neatness, self-confidence, and carefulness. These pups are always in the mood for games or adventures of all sorts. The basic Pomeranian personality includes being timid with new people, and in some instances, they can be hostile to other dogs.

    Other notable personality traits include:

    1. Excellent watchdogs
    2. Vivacious and smart
    3. Love meeting new people
    4. Get along with other pets
    5. Inquisitive and alert
    6. Highly active and energetic
    7. Some Poms bark a lot if not trained
    8. Friendly and perky
    9. Need daily exercise
    10. Obedient and loyal
    11. Easy to maintain
    12. Some can be finicky eaters
    13. Great family pets
    14. Able to stay in small spaces like apartments and flats
    15. Highly trainable


    • They make excellent guard dogs
    • Can adjust easily in small spaces
    • Easy to train and maintain


    • Sensitive to heat and cold
    • Don’t sit well with kids
    • Tend to be loud and stubborn