Pomeranian (Pom) Facts, History & Health Problems
Originally from the central European province of Pomerania, which currently incorporates North Poland and East Germany, Pomeranians are watchdogs and make excellent family pets and animals for the elderly.
Quick Facts About Pomeranian Dogs
Pomeranian dogs are one of the cutest breeds on the face of the earth. These dogs are fun, energetic, and like to stay indoors. Usually, they are between 7 to 12 inches tall and a fully grown Pomeranian can weigh between 3 and 7 pounds.
One of the highlights of the breeds is the highly plumbed tail. The fluffy curl of fur around their chest and neck is another distinctive attribute of a Pomeranian. They can shed quite a bit, but their coat is relatively easy to maintain with regular brushing and occasional bathing.
Here are some other facts about these cute dogs:
- These dogs originate from the Arctic region's highly trainable breed known as Wolfspitz
- They are well-behaved and highly alert dogs but can be prone to excessive barking
- They are among the most famous breeds in America
- They make wonderful therapy and hearing assistance dogs
Originally a Scandinavian Spitz breed, Pom dogs, as they are sometimes referred to, are one of the most common breeds in the US and many other countries. The American Kennel Club reports that the Pomeranian is now ranked 20th in terms of popularity in the United States.
The Pomeranian dog breed takes its name from a region known as Pomerania along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. It is likely that they descended from sled dogs from Iceland and Lapland. In the early years, the dogs weighed as much as 30 to 40 pounds. They were used not only for sledding but also for herding sheep.
The evolution of the breed was influenced by two members of the British Royal Family. In 1767, Queen Charlotte, consort of King George III of England, brought two Pomeranians to Britain. Pomeranian history in the US dates back to the first specialty show that was held in 1911, although the AKC recognized them in 1888. By 1916, the smallest of these dogs had started showing up in American show rings.
Common Health Problems
Although on balance they are a relatively healthy breed, Pomeranians are still susceptible to certain ailments. Accordingly, owners must be mindful of certain health issues. One of the most common issues is Alopecia X which results in hair loss. Other common health issues in dogs include:
- Canine influenza and obesity that can further lead to diabetes and joint problems
- Hypothyroidism, elevated liver enzymes, skin irritation, and diarrhea
- Collapsed trachea is another common problem with toy breeds
- Cataracts, tear duct problems, retinal atrophy, and conjunctivitis are some other problems that can affect a Pom
Before bringing a Pomeranian into your home, be sure to explore insurance plans for dogs that can help cover the cost of treatment for health issues that may unfold.